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Today we hoToday we honorthe Federal Elections Bill (also known as “The Lodge Bill, or to its opponents “The Force Bill”). The Lodge Bill would have given more oversight in elections and provided much-needed enforcement of the 15th Amendment in the South. Following the 1877 Hayes-Tilden compromise, this bill represented the last attempt by the U.S. Congressin the 19th Century to protect African-American suffrage.

The Lodge Bill was passed in the House, but was defeated in the Senate because of Democratic filibusters, which wasn’t only a means of stalling, but was also a means of shaming Western Republicans into voting against the Lodge Bill.